Marcus Mosiah Garvey, Jr.:(17 August 1887 – 10 June 1940)
Marcus Garvey was born in St. Ann’s Bay, Jamaica, on 17th August, 1887. After seven years of schooling he worked as a printer. He became an active trade unionist and in 1907 was elected vice president of compositors’ branch of the printers’ union. He helped lead a printer’s strike (1908-09) and after it collapsed the union disintegrated.
*In 1911 Garvey moved to England and briefly studied at Birbeck College where he met other blacks who were involved in the struggle to obtain independence from the British Empire.
Garvey arrived in the United States on 23rd March 1916
*In 1919 Garvey formed the Black Cross Navigation and Trading Company
*In 1928 Garvey went on a lecture tour of Britain, France, Belgium, Switzerland and Canada. On Garvey’s return to Jamaica he established the People’s Political Party and a new daily newspaper, The Blackman. The project was not a success and in March, 1935, Garvey moved to England where he published The Tragedy of White Injustice. Marcus Garvey continued to hold UNIA conventions and to tour the world making speeches on civil rights until his death in London on 10th June, 1940.